Entry Title: "
Valley City - Qatar"
Category: Professional, Concept
Designer(s): MZ Architects
The masterplan of the Valley City Qatar (VCQ) emerged from an in-depth understanding of the existing urban morphology and social structure of Qatari cities, responding to the growing demand for affordable small-size rental accommodation, while respecting architectural guidelines of traditional Qatari and Islamic cities.
Traditionally, Islamic cities were characterized by a chaotic urban morphology as a result of Islamic laws of succession. Properties were subject to successive subdivisions until minimum but functional parts were arrived at: the basic workable nucleus unit. Successive iterations of subdivision over the course of decades gave a fractal character to these cities. When taken over a long period of time span, this simple function produced at later stages a complex morphology.
The VCQ recaptures the simplicity of this original urban fabric by using Chaos Theory as foundation and mathematical tool, and working with a system that creates a series of urban fingers running parallel to each other and creating maximum interface between public and private spaces.
The proposed urban grid is built perpendicular to the hot desert wind trajectory, allowing it to hit the city and initiate a circulating movement throughout the urban structure. The path generated by the wind turbulences leads to the development of a linear city with a catalytic green valley crossing it between residential fingers, creating a strong sense of place for the community and allowing for a healthy and climate friendly pedestrian realm.
Established with sustainable green standards, the masterplan maximizes the use of natural elements (wind, water, sun), and minimizes financial building costs, while offering the benefits of an energy-saving city throughout its design and building material: narrow roads providing shading; shaded and living roofs protecting buildings from direct sun; strategically oriented streets and public spaces; maximum usage of windows; heavy reliance on solar panels; xeriscapes and low water consumption landscapes, etc.